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Effortlessly Execute Python Script

How to Run Your Python Scripts and Code

A Python script or program is a file containing executable Python code. Being able to run Python scripts and code is crucial for Python developers. By running your code, you can test and debug it, ensuring that it works as intended and accomplishes the desired tasks. In this tutorial, we will explore various ways to run Python scripts and code in different environments and platforms.

Table of Contents

What Scripts and Modules Are

In computing, a script refers to a text file containing a sequence of commands or instructions that can be executed to perform a specific task. These commands are typically written in a scripting language, which is a programming language designed for automating and customizing tasks. Python is a popular scripting language that allows you to manipulate and automate various tasks.

On the other hand, a module is a file containing Python code that is meant to be imported and used in other Python scripts or programs. Modules provide a way to organize and reuse code, making it easier to manage and maintain large projects.

How to Run Python Scripts From the Command Line

Running Python scripts from the command line provides a convenient way to execute your code. There are several techniques you can use to accomplish this:

Using the python Command

One way to run a Python script from the command line is by using the python command followed by the name of the script file. For example, if you have a script called, you can run it using the following command:

Terminal window

This command will execute the code in and display the output, if any.

Using the Script’s Filename Directly

Another approach is to make the script file executable and then run it by typing its filename directly in the command line. To make a script executable, you need to add a shebang line at the beginning of the file. The shebang line specifies the interpreter to use to execute the script. For example, to make a Python script executable, you can add the following shebang line:

#! python

After adding the shebang line, you need to make the script file executable using the chmod command. Here’s an example:

Terminal window
chmod +x

Once the script is executable, you can run it by simply typing its filename in the command line:

Terminal window

Running Modules With the -m Option

If you have a Python module that you want to execute as a script, you can use the -m option followed by the module name. This allows you to run the module as if it were a standalone script. For example, to run a module called mymodule, you can use the following command:

Terminal window
python -m mymodule

This command will execute the module and execute any code defined in its __main__ namespace.

How to Run Python Code Interactively

Python provides an interactive mode that allows you to run code and receive immediate feedback. This is useful for testing small snippets of code, experimenting with different ideas, and exploring the Python language features.

Getting to Know the Python Interpreter

The Python interpreter is the program responsible for executing Python code interactively. It provides a command-line interface where you can type Python code and see the results immediately. To start the Python interpreter, open your terminal or command prompt and type python. This will launch the interpreter and display a prompt (>>>) where you can enter Python code.

Running Python Code Interactively

Once you are in the Python interpreter, you can start running code interactively. Simply type the Python statements or expressions that you want to evaluate, and press Enter. The interpreter will execute the code and display the results immediately. Here’s an example:

>>> x = 5
>>> y = 10
>>> result = x + y
>>> print(result)

In this example, we define two variables x and y, calculate their sum, and then print the result.

How to Run Scripts From Python Code

Sometimes, you may need to run Python scripts from within your Python code. This can be useful when you want to automate certain tasks or execute external scripts as part of your program logic. Here are a few techniques to accomplish this:

Taking Advantage of import Statements

One way to run a Python script from within another script is by using the import statement. When you import a script module, Python will execute all the code in that module. This allows you to define functions, classes, or variables in the imported module and use them in your main script. Here’s an example:
print("This is my script")
import myscript
# The code in will be executed here

Using the importlib Standard-Library Module

Another approach is to use the importlib module, which provides tools for dynamically importing and executing code. You can use the import_module function to import a script module and the execute_module function to execute its code. Here’s an example:

import importlib
module = importlib.import_module("myscript")

Leveraging the Power of the Built-in exec() Function

If you have the code as a string or a file object, you can use the built-in exec() function to execute it dynamically. This allows you to run Python code without the need to import modules or scripts. Here’s an example:

code = '''
x = 5
y = 10
result = x + y

In this example, we define the code as a string and then pass it to the exec() function for execution.

How to Run Python Scripts on IDEs and Code Editors

Most Python Integrated Development Environments (IDEs) and code editors provide built-in support for running Python scripts. They typically have a dedicated button or menu option that allows you to execute your code directly within the IDE or editor environment. This provides a convenient way to run and test your code without leaving the development environment.

To run a Python script in an IDE or code editor, locate the designated button or menu option for running code. Click on it, and the IDE or editor will execute your script and display the output, if any. Some IDEs also allow you to set breakpoints and step through your code, making it easier to debug and analyze the execution flow.

How to Run Python Scripts From a File Manager

In addition to running Python scripts from the command line and IDEs, you can also execute scripts directly from your operating system’s file manager. This is useful when you want to quickly run a script without opening a command prompt or an editor. To run a Python script from a file manager, follow these steps:

  1. Locate the script file in your file manager.
  2. Right-click on the script file to open the context menu.
  3. Look for an option like “Run” or “Open with” and select it.
  4. Choose the Python interpreter or a Python-aware application to run the script.
  5. The script will be executed, and the output will be displayed, if any.

The exact steps may vary depending on your operating system and file manager.


Running Python scripts and code is essential for Python developers. In this tutorial, we explored various techniques to run Python scripts from the command line, interactively using the Python interpreter, from within Python code, on IDEs and code editors, and directly from the file manager. By understanding these methods, you will have the flexibility to execute your Python code in different environments and accomplish your programming tasks efficiently.

Now that you have learned how to run your Python scripts and code, you can confidently develop and execute your Python projects, ensuring that they work as intended and deliver the desired results. Keep practicing and exploring the different methods to enhance your Python programming skills.